Haidong Gumdo activities include:

  • Gumbo (patterns) Practice is the core of sword training. It enhances physical attributes such as spontaneous power generation, balance, spinning techniques as well as the ability to concentrate.
  • Cutting: The underlying theories of the sword techniques are mastered through cutting practice. A harmony of speed, power, fast sighting and correct footwork is required. Bamboo, stacks of straw, small moving targets and paper are used as cutting material.
  • Dan Jun Breathing: Through meditation and control of the breathing pattern, a practitioner learns to calm the body and mind as well as the ability to control the self.
  • Gyukgum (Sparring drills): In order to develop fast reflexes and judgment, a practitioner learns to apply the sword techniques of gumbups in real combat situations. There are short gyukgum and choreographed gyukgum.


Basic Stances



Horse riding stance


Long or big stance

Keum-gye dok-rip-pal-sang-se

Stance on one leg


Standing in a natural posture


Short or low stance (small stance)


Upper ready stance


Lower ready stance


Tiger stance, or back stance


Crouching tiger stance


Hypogastric breathing


Haidong Gumdo 10 Commandments

  • Quietly show respect by bowing before entering and leaving the dojang.
  • Always keep your uniform clean and tidy.
  • Be respectful of others and maintain a proper attitude in the dojang.
  • Do not make excessive noise or disturb the atmosphere of the dojang.
  • Do not practice right after eating a meal.
  • Do not practice, or even enter the dojang under influence of alcohol.
  • Regard the sword as your life and be respectful when handling it.
  • Keep the dojang clean at all times.
  • Do not criticise or look down on other martial arts.
  • A student trying to master sword techniques should maintain an open mind and should not be jealous or easily agitated.